CITES Parties Reject Swaziland Request to Trade in White Rhino Horn

CITES Parties Reject Swaziland Request to Trade in White Rhino Horn
Monday, 3 October, 2016
Johannesburg, South Africa

IFAW has welcomed the decision today by the 17th Conference of the Parties (CoP 17) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to deny trade in white rhino horn by Swaziland.

“At a time when rhinoceros are more under threat than ever from poachers due to rapidly increasing black market prices in their horn, this decision by Parties to deny Swaziland’s request to trade in white rhino horn – is to be applauded,” said Kelvin Alie, IFAW Director Wildlife Trade.

Swaziland was seeking to alter the existing annotation on the Appendix II listing of its white rhino population so as to permit a limited and regulated trade in white rhino horn.

Rhino poaching has increased dramatically in recent years, notably in South Africa. In 2007, 13 rhinos were recorded poached in South Africa. By 2011, 448 rhinos were poached and in 2014 poaching killed 1,215 rhinos in South Africa – a 9,000 per cent increase in less than 10 years.

“The notion that demand for rhino horn can be furnished through legal sales is nonsense, and unsubstantiated. On the contrary legal trade will simply increase demand, and thus the pressure on wild rhino populations. Swaziland’s proposal flew in the face of global efforts to protect remaining rhino populations, and IFAW is delighted that Parties to CITES have denied their request,” said Alie.

By 1977, all African rhinoceros species were listed on CITES Appendix I, giving them the highest level of protection from international commercial trade either as live animals or as rhino products. In 2004, Swaziland’s southern white rhinos were transferred to Appendix II but only for live export and for limited export of hunting trophies according to specified annual quotas.

Rhinos are poached for their horn, demand for which is primarily to supply medicinal and luxury goods markets in Asia. Current poaching rates have effectively stalled growth in rhino population numbers at the continental level, while illegal trade in rhino is at its highest since the early 1990s. In 2014 an estimate 2,000 horns found their way into illegal trade.

The proposal was submitted by Swaziland. It was rejected by an overwhelming 100 votes against and 26 votes in support.

About IFAW

Founded in 1969, IFAW rescues and protects animals around the world. With projects in more than 40 countries, IFAW rescues individual animals, works to prevent cruelty to animals, and advocates for the protection of wildlife and habitats. For more information, visit Follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Photos are available at

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