The International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruling against Japan’s whaling: implications for the European Union
As the global intergovernmental body charged with the conservation of whales and the management of whaling, the IWC adopted a moratorium on commercial whaling which came into effect in 1986. The decision to create a Southern Ocean (Antarctic Region) Whale Sanctuary was approved in 1994. The IWC also adopted a ban on factory ship whaling for species other than minke whales.
Japan has however continued to catch whales, justifying its operations as ‘scientific whaling’ and issuing scientific whaling permits under Article VIII of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.