How and why unsupervised help for stranded animals can do more harm than good

Our Marine Mammal Rescue and Research team has responded to many stranded dolphins in 2016 and earlier in the year passed the 4,000 response milestone.As tourists and residents here on Cape Cod celebrate the last few weeks of prime beach days, the International Fund for Animal Welfare wants to remind you that the threat of marine mammal strandings on the beach is still great.

Back in April I wrote a blog titled Helping from a distance: What to do if you encounter a stranded dolphin. I emphasized that although it may be “startling and upsetting to see a seal or dolphin in distress” and it “is only natural to want to help,” not only is it illegal to interact with a stranded animal per the Marine Mammal Act, but you can put yourself “in great danger and actually make the situation worse for stranded animals if [you] decide to intervene.”

Many people on social media have asked for more information. The following are some explanations to some particular queries:

Shielding animals from the sun and keeping them wet

While the animals do live in the water, they will not perish if they are out of it for some period of time.  While it may be helpful in some situations to keep them out of the sun and wet them, as you may have seen IFAW staff and our trained volunteers employ tactics to do so, without knowledge of the behavior, anatomy, physiology and current health of these animals, such actions can actually be harmful. 

Sometimes a blanket or sheet may actually cause a dolphin to overheat. Putting water on them may cause them to inhale water or in the winter cause their body temperatures to drop further.

Dragging animals back to the water

Without the proper training and equipment to make a transition comfortably, it can be far worse for animals to be dragged back into the water, injuring their tails and/or pectoral flippers. They can also develop abrasions on their undersides from being improperly dragged on rough terrain—sand as well as rocks.

Stress kills more stranded dolphins than just the fact that they are out of the water. And human-induced stress on top of the stress of the stranding further reduces the likelihood of survival. Pushing animals back into the water at the original stranding site does not give them a very good chance of survival and they may re-strand in a second location that could be more difficult to find them and to extract them. “Out of site” does not mean “out of danger.”

The delay in response is relatively minimal

Our trained volunteers spread out across the Cape can usually get to most spots within a short period of time to begin assessments. Staff, with appropriate equipment, gear and the mobile facilities to move an animal, assess its health, and release it if it is a candidate for such an outcome, can respond before anything harmful from external sources affects that animal.

In addition to being potentially harmful to the dolphin, moving or handling a dolphin without proper authorization is unlawful under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA). NOAA Fisheries, the federal agency responsible for administering the Marine Mammal Protection Act, also advises that the general public remain at least 100 yards from the animal.

If you witness a marine mammal in distress, call us; the number is (508) 743-9548. Here’s what you can do while you wait:

  • Keep any birds, namely gulls, away (gulls may peck at their eyes and blowholes).
  • Get accurate location information to us as soon as possible to speed up the response, and
  • Send photos, if possible, so we can make preparations for the scenario and specific animals.

Thank you for your help in advance.

All activities conducted by the IFAW team are done under the authorization of a Stranding Agreement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under the MMPA.


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Senior Program Advisor
Senior Program Advisor
Brian Sharp, Emergency Relief Officer, Stranding Coordinator
Manager, Marine Mammal Rescue and Research
Céline Sissler-Bienvenu, Director, France and Francophone Africa
Director, France and Francophone Africa
IFAW Veterinarian
Katie Moore, Deputy Vice President, Conservation and Animal Welfare
Deputy Vice President, Conservation and Animal Welfare
Loïs Lelanchon, Animal Rescue Program Officer
Animal Rescue Program Officer
Shannon Walajtys
Manager, Animal Rescue-Disasters
Vivek Menon, Director of IFAW partner, Wildlife Trust of India
Consulting Senior Advisor to the CEO on Strategic Partnerships & Philanthropy